Cambodia interpretation of safeguard D
The right to participate, in an effective manner including how Free Prior Informed Consent for relevant original ethnic minorities, indigenous peoples and local communities will be recognized and promoted under the implementation of the National REDD+ Strategy.
Core elements of Cambodia’s clarification of safeguard D:
- Relevant original ethnic minorities, indigenous peoples and local communities have the right to participate in the implementation of the PaMs.
- Right to a Free, Prior and Informed Consent is recognized and protected in accordance with the relevant legal obligations.
Governance arrangements for safeguard D
Cambodia’s laws regulate the right for public participation in forest related decision-making processes and projects.
Several laws define relevant stakeholders for public consultation processes for a certain set of procedures and circumstances. These definitions include relevant ministries, local authorities, relevant departments, company owners, consultative firms, representatives of communities who are affects, and representative of NGOs.
There are clear dispute resolution mechanisms relevant to environmental and protected area decision-making found in the Protected Area Law, Environmental and Natural Resources Protection Law and the National Policy on the Development of Indigenous Peoples.
The National REDD+ Strategy includes among its objectives and strategies the encouragement of public engagement, participation and consultations in forestry and land use planning, and promote the involvement of multiple stakeholders .Furthermore, the National REDD+ strategy will be guided by the several guiding principles, which include: Ensure full and effective participation of relevant stakeholders, including those most vulnerable, such as local communities, indigenous peoples and women.
Cambodia’s laws and guidelines regulate the participation of indigenous peoples. The Forestry Law and Protected Area Law include provisions generally concerning local authorities and peoples in forest decision-making processes. The Land Law (2001) further recognizes the role of traditional authorities, mechanisms, and customs in decision making processes. The National REDD+ strategy will be guided by the several guiding principles, which include: Ensure full and effective participation of relevant stakeholders, including those most vulnerable, such as local communities, indigenous peoples and women
Information on implementation of safeguard D
D.1. Description of the general categories of stakeholders involved in the implementation of the REDD+ PAMs (documentation and mapping of stakeholders) and how they were involved (information shared, feedback gathered, in what format was it gathered)
D.2. Description of the outcomes of the participation processes (for example how the ideas or comments from relevant stakeholders led to implementation changed/was influenced by considering the views of the relevant stakeholders)
D.3. Description of participation activities (e.g. culturally appropriate information produced, capacity building activities, specific meetings organised for vulnerable groups)
D.4. If applicable, description and evidence of how FPIC processes were followed in PaMs intervention areas of Indigenous Peoples and whether they affected the implementation of REDD+ (PAMs cancelled where FPIC witheld).
D.5. Number of meetings held, number of participants (organized according to categories of participant) and disaggregated by gender.
D.6. Number of representatives/members from ethnic minorities, indigenous peoples and local communities involved in REDD+ process in each intervention area and disaggregated by gender.
D.7. If applicable, number of FPIC processes followed (FPIC granted, FPIC withheld -resulting in intervention not going ahead)